THM Sadaqa Group

Your Standard Salafi Curriculum Guide

With the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Welcome to Islamic History & Islamic Geography

Islamic History & Geography

Learn about Islamic History and Islamic Geography

With the Name of Allah, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

Assalaamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakaatuh

Dear Parents and Students:

The following study guide has been developed for the purpose of aiding you with the study of Islamic History and to implement the basic fundamentals taught to us according to Quran wa Sunnah and that of the path of the Salaf. Your textbook is needed, Revised Edition ISBN: 9960899551  - Ar-Raheeq al-Makhtum: The Sealed Nectar by Safiur Rahman al-Mubarakpuri. This guide is for online course studies only; where we provide the student an emphasis on the significance for the past events that will be discussed throughout the course, providing an insight on how these events have affected the lives of present and future cultures, while making an existing connection to Islam inshaAllah.

We have found throughout the past years, that it is necessary to teach our children history based on an Islamic perspective ? with the intent of weeding out false concepts. May Allah grant us success with this effort in all areas of education aameen  

Students, with the use of this study guide, will gain multiply opportunities to access diverse activities based upon authentic resources from Islam. These resources include connections for historical concepts, geography, and multicultural perspectives. Students are actively engaged in the critical thinking skills process. Essay writing and research papers are encouraged throughout the course.

It is our hope that these study guides provide students with the truth regarding Islamic history and those who have relayed that history to us. We appreciate your comments and positive feedback and pray, that Allah ta`ala will accept this action from us as something good on the Day of Judgment.

In addition, students will find very detailed accounts of history on Abu Khadeejah's (hafidhullah) website here: 


 Assalaatu wa Salaamu ala Rasulullah (sallaAllahu alaihi wa sallaam)

Text & Resources Being Used

 Islamic History E-book  http://www.thmsadaqagroup.org/Islamic%20History%20Ebook%201.pdf 

The Noble Quran

Tafsir of Ibn Kathir

Ahaadith (Sahih Bukhari & Sahih Muslim)

History of Makkah

History of Madinah

Ar-Raheeq al-Makhtum (The Sealed Nectar)


The Prophet (sallaAllahu alaihi wa sallaam) and His Ten Companions (radiAllahu anhum)

The Stories of the Prophets

Web Tutorials for How to research a topic

Resources from other websites

Types of History

According to the University of Kentucky, there are six types of history: political, diplomatic, social, cultural, economic and intellectual. There are also two schools of thought when interpreting history: the conservative-consensus and the progressive-new left. Explained here:


There are generally three types of sources for historical accounts

Solid Evidences
Repeated Narratives
Archaeological Finds

The types of History to be considered here are divided into two parts:

General Accounts
and Particular Accounts

While addressing the particular historical account of Islam, we will focus only on one particular nation, country, or dynastic rule. Our approach will use the category of narrative history, repeated narratives, and explanations from the scholars upon the sunnah which is based on the particular historical accounts given from Qur'aan wa Sunnah and the Historians who collected the information given inshaAllah.

What is a Narrative?

A narrative in historical accounts is "one where the statements of the narrator is being enlisted on the basis of his personal observation, and the acceptable and satisfactory narratives have been available to the historian; or the historian has directly observed the occurrence of the event."

The History of Islam, pg. 35

Our example would be Sahih al-Bukhari and his method of compiling the ahaadith, please listen to the dars for exact notes on this topic from " The ‘Aqīdah of Imām Al-Bukhārī رحمه الله by Abdulilah Lahmami".  Also, you will find as an excellent resource from the explanations by Abu Khadeejah (hafidhullah) on the Sciences of Ahaadeeth http://www.abukhadeejah.com/tag/hadeeth/

start with the first lesson http://www.abukhadeejah.com/introduction-to-the-beginnings-of-the-hadeeth-sciences-and-early-hadeeth-literature-part-1/

The 5 R's

 We advise students to do the following when studying these topics inshaAllah. 

Read, Reflect, Remember, Review, and Receive the Benefits in shaa'Allah!!! The 5R's

The intent of the following lessons are to guide the student to act upon that which they learn eventually! In shaa'Allah.

Read some guided text from Quran, Hadith, researched text or authentic books from known authors and translators.

Reflect upon what you have read, think about it's meaning, write down a summary of your thoughts, include proofs and evidences from the text

Remember by focusing on that which you are trying to remember, memorize or review any proofs from Quran or hadith (if you are able) in the lesson and take notes. To learn how to take notes; review the post under our benefits section from previous students; and then give yourself clues to help yourself in this process, if you need to...

Receive the benefits by acting upon that which you have learned from Quran wa Sunnah

Topic One: Have you ever heard of the Rub al-Khali? 

Research the Rub al-Khali also known as the Empty Quarter and Ar-Ramlah. Discover its significance by pairing your search with the descriptions from the narrations of Quran wa Sunnah

A Google search reports/picture to the right:

The Rub' al Khali is the sand desert encompassing most of the southern third of the Arabian Peninsula. The desert covers some 650,000 km² including parts of Saudi Arabia, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. It is part of the larger Arabian Desert.

The Stories of the Prophets

Connect the Stories of the Prophets to provide an excellent resource for learning about the historical accounts of the people of a specific time from an Islamic perspective of historical facts and not opinions. You can purchase the book and listen to narratives from the salaf for greater clarity in shaa'Allah

My first suggestion is that the students listen to Dr. Saleh as Saleh's (rahimahullah) audio on the Prophet Hud (alaihi sallam) and the people of Aad.  *Look under the heading Sources of Inspirations, then click Messengers and Prophets to locate the link, and then listen to lecture #3  in shaa'Allaah

My 2nd suggestion for audio selection from the Students of Knowledge is:


Final suggestion bi'ithnillah:


Discussion on Science and Islam

Discussion 1: Planets

 THM Sadaqa Group-Earths Cousin- Science Lesson 1-Summer.pdf

*this worksheet is from a previous class some of the information may have been updated

Hadith: (About the Stars). From Surah Al-Anam: 97 

Abu Qatadah mentioned Allah?s statement: ?And indeed we have adorned the nearest heaven 

with lamps,? (67:5) and said, ?The creation of these stars is for three purposes, 

1. As decoration of the nearest heaven 

2. As missiles to hit the devils 

3. And as signs to guide travelers 

So if, anybody tries to find a differing interpretation, he is mistaken and waste just efforts, and 

troubles himself with what is beyond his limited knowledge.?  

Sahih Bukhari, Chapter 3 ?The beginning of Creation?

Discussion 2: Is the Earth round or flat?


Is the Earth round or flat- Print Out

Is the Earth round or flat?

Question: The following letter reached the program (broadcast program) from Kenya, sent by our brother, the student, Ibraheem Muhammad Al-Awwal. The brother says, "I heard the program Nurun 'alad-Darb (A Light upon the Path) and I benefited greatly from it. Therefore, I wanted to send these questions to you all because their topics are very perplexing to me. The first is: Is the earth round or flat?"

Response: According to the people knowledge (scholars of Islaam) the earth is round, for indeed Ibn Hazm and a group of other scholars mentioned that there is a consensus (unanimous agreement, Ijmaa') among the people of knowledge that it is round. This means that all of it is connected together thus making the form of the entire planet like a ball. However, Allaah has spread out surface for us and He has placed firm mountains upon it and placed the animals and the seas upon it as a mercy for us. For this reason, Allaah said:

{And (do they not look) at the Earth, how it was made FLAT (Sutihat)}, [Soorah al-Ghaashiyyah, Aayah 20]

Therefore, it (the Earth) has been made flat for us in regards to its surface, so that people can live on it and so that people can be comfortable upon it. The fact that it is round does not prevent that its surface has been made flat. This is because something that is round and very large, if it is made flat (its surface), then its surface will become very vast or broad (i.e. having a flat appearance). Yes."

Shaykh Ibn Baaz (rahimahullah)

Discussion 3: Earthquakes

Quake sounds revealed

the following link is from a CNN report:

Interactive: Animations of the Sumatran-Andaman earthquake


*this worksheet is from a previous class some of the information may have been updated

“And let those who oppose the Messenger’s (Muhammad’s) commandment (i.e. his Sunnah legal ways, orders, acts of worship, statements) (among the sects) beware, lest some Fitnah (disbelief, trials, afflictions, earthquakes, killing, overpowered by a tyrant) should befall them or a painful torment be inflicted on them”

[an-Nur 24:63] 

Point of Benefit: Ibn Abi Dunya reported that anas bin Malik (radi allahu anhu) said: I went with another man to see Aisha (radi allahu anha), and he asked her:'O Mother of the Believers, tell us about earthquakes? She said: 'When they authorize fornication, drinking of wine, the use of musical instruments, Allah commands the earth; 'Tremble with them so that they might give up and repent.' Otherwise, He (Allah) would destroy it upon them.' The man asked: 'O mother of the believers, is it a punishment for them?' She replied 'Rather it is some advice and mercy for the believers, but a punishment and curse for the disbelievers.' ...

Spiritual Disease and its cures, pg. 65 


by Abu Hakeem Bilal Davis

Transcribed Lecture: Tsunami -The reasons for Earthquakes

by Abul Hasan Malik Aadam Al-Akhdar


Discussion 4: Hurricanes



What Do you know about Hurricanes?: Lesson 3

Take a look at the Glossary of terms from CNN.com 

Hurricanes - take a closer look.
As students try to comprehend how hurricane Katrina could cause so much damage and destruction, the following resources may help students have a better understanding of hurricanes and how they are formed.

The above links are from: http://www.sciencenetlinks.com/

Discussion 5: Regarding lineage


What is the meaning of lineage?

According to the freedictionaryonline lineage means: Direct descent from a particular ancestor; ancestry

In Islam lineage is to be taken from the father's side of the family. There are two cases mentioned reading the prophets of Islam where this rule does not apply. 1) Isa Ibn Maryam (alaihi salaam) 2. Yunus bin Matta (alaihi salaam) both were named after their mothers.

Hadeeth which mentions lineage

From the book Kitaabat Tawheed chapter 30

Aboo Maalik al Ash'aree (radiAllaahu anhu) that the Messenger of Allaah (salla Allaahu alaihi wa sallam) said:

There are four matters of jaahiliyyah present in my ummah (nation) which they will not leave: having pride on account of ahsaab (ancestry), and cursing lineage (of others), and attributing rain to the stars, and wailing over the dead.

*Points of Benefit -

1) Boasting of one’s ancestry – despite the fact that there is no honour except through taqwaa (fearing Allaah and being dutiful to him)

2) Belittling the lineage of others and finding fault with it

Original Post from SalafiTalk- Read the rest of the document there inshaAllah

Lineage of the Prophet (salla Allahu alaihi wa salaam)

Muhammad bin ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abdul-Muttalib (who was called Shaiba) bin Hashim, (named ‘Amr) bin ‘Abd Munaf (called Al-Mugheera) bin Qusai (also called Zaid) bin Kilab bin Murra bin Ka‘b bin Lo’i bin Ghalib bin Fahr (who was called Quraish and whose tribe was called after him) bin Malik bin An-Nadr (so called Qais) bin Kinana bin Khuzaimah bin Mudrikah (who was called ‘Amir) bin Elias bin Mudar bin Nizar bin Ma‘ad bin ‘Adnan.

[Ibn Hisham 1/1,2; and Tarikh at-Tabari 2/239-271]

This lineage report is agreed upon by biographers and genealogists. Allahu Musta`an

See Ar-raheeq al-Makhtum pg. 63 revised edition

Lineage of Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (radi allahu anhu)

His name is 'Abdullah bin Abu Quhafah, 'Uthman bin 'Aamir bin 'Amr bin Ka'b bin Sa'd bin Taim bin Murrah bin Ka'b. His lineage meets with that of Allah's Messenger (salla allahu alaihi wa salaam) at Murrah.

being updated...

Lineage of Umar Ibn al-Kattab (radiAllahu anhu)

Ibn Nufail bin Abdul-Uzza bin Riyah bin Abdullah bin Qurt bin Razah bin Adi bin Ka`b bin Luai bin Ghalib. His lineage meets the Prophet's at Ka`b bin Luai.

Assalaamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullah

from Quran wa Sunnah

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Last Will and Testament

Last Will and Testament

Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim

Assalaamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakaatuh

Alhamdulillah, here is a basic form that you as Muslims can use as your Last Will and Testament to avoid any complications at the time of your death. This simple form will give the Muslims the right to take possession of your remains and to distribute your property according to Islamic Law (shariah) inshaAllah.

Please share amongst the Muslims

Last Will and Testament.pdf

BarakAllahu Feekunna wa Jazakumullahu Khayraa

Wa`alaykumus Salaam wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakaatuh